Kenyan independence movement

The European settlers were allowed to elect representatives to the Legislative Council inwhen the colony was established. Later migrations through Tanzania led to settlement on the Kenyan coast where these communities established links with Arabian and Indian traders leading to the development of the Swahili culture.

Mau Mau Uprising

The Full Story of Mau Mau, claim it was an anagram of Uma Uma which means "get out get out" and was a military codeword based on a secret language-game Kikuyu boys used to play at the time of their circumcision. Kenyatta, who advocated a peaceful transition to African majority rule, traveled widely in Europe and returned in to become the president of the Kenya African Union KAU; founded in as the Kenya African Study Unionwhich attempted to gain a mass African following.

The Mau Mau movement was also a bitter internal struggle among the Kikuyu. In parallel to this, three important Bodies were established: When the Portuguese arrived inthe Arab dominance on the coast was clipped, as the Port of Mombasa became an important resupply stop for ships bound for the Far East.

This ethnopsychiatric analysis guided British psychological warfare, which painted Mau Mau as "an irrational force of evil, dominated by bestial impulses and influenced by world communism", and the later official study of the uprising, the Corfield Report.

Of the scores of screening camps which sprang up, only fifteen were officially sanctioned by the colonial government. Inthe tonnage of foreign shipping calling at Zanzibar had reached 19, tons.

He eventually surrendered in Zambia eleven days after the Armistice was signed in Innationalist leader Tom Mboya began a programme, funded by Americans, of sending talented youth to the United States for higher education. Thirdly, British interest in East Africa was first stimulated by their desire to abolish the slave trade.

Mau Mau Uprising

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Kenya profile - Timeline

The principle of punitive sanctions against workers was not removed from the Kenyan labour statutes until the s. He soon resigned his chairmanship. From the start, the land was the primary British interest in Kenya, [26] which had "some of the richest agricultural soils in the world, mostly in districts where the elevation and climate make it possible for Europeans to reside permanently".

The upper class bias in migration policy meant that whites would always be a small minority. Again, Moi won re-election as President in the December elections, because of a divided opposition.

The past distribution of the Southern Nilotic speakers, as inferred from place names, loan words and oral traditions includes the known distribution of Elmenteitan sites. Under Seyyid Said ruledthe Omani sultan who moved his capital to Zanzibar inthe Arabs set up long-distance trade routes into the interior.

Kenyatta freed

In Kenya became a republic and constitutional changes further centralised the government. The division grew greater after Octoberwhen Odinga and some of his leading party members were arrested and the KPU was banned. Kenya thereby became a one-party state under KANU.

History of Kenya

Moi, a member of the Kalenjin ethnic group, quickly consolidated his position and governed in an authoritarian and corrupt manner. Forced labour was performed by detainees on projects like the thirty-seven-mile-long South Yatta irrigation furrow. This earlier work cast the Mau Mau war in strictly bipolar terms, "as conflicts between anti-colonial nationalists and colonial collaborators".

Lack of timely and accurate intelligence meant bombing was rather haphazard, but almost insurgents had been killed or wounded by air attacks by Juneand it did cause forest gangs to disband, lower their morale, and induce their pronounced relocation from the forests to the reserves.

The construction of Fort Jesus in Mombasa in aimed to solidify Portuguese hegemony in the region, but their influence was clipped by the EnglishDutch and Omani Arab incursions into the region during the 17th century.

Kenya Independence Movement

MacDonald would reorganise the Special Branch of the Kenya Police, promote collaboration with Special Branches in adjacent territories, and oversee coordination of all intelligence activity "to secure the intelligence Government requires".

The Full Story of Mau Mau, claim it was an anagram of Uma Uma which means "get out get out" and was a military codeword based on a secret language-game Kikuyu boys used to play at the time of their circumcision.

Until the mids, the two primary complaints were low native Kenyan wages and the requirement to carry an identity document, the kipande.

By a multiracial pattern of quotas allowed for 14 European, 1 Arab, and 6 Asian elected members, together with an additional 6 African and 1 Arab member chosen by the governor. Larger detention camps were divided into compounds. However, in Julyin an apparent change of heart, Moi made Njonjo chairman of the Kenya Wildlife Services and Richard Leakey head of the civil service and permanent secretary to the cabinet.

During transit, there was frequently little or no food and water provided, and seldom any sanitation. This tribe was moved backwards and forwards so as to secure for the Crown areas which could be granted to Europeans. The Republic of Venice had gained control over much of the trade routes between Europe and Asia.

This tribe was moved backwards and forwards so as to secure for the Crown areas which could be granted to Europeans. Due to parliamentary reforms in Novemberpolitical rights were expanded, which led to an explosion in the number of political parties.

Mau Mau members, made up primarily of Kikuyu and carried out violent attacks against colonial leaders and white settlers. Kenyan Independence Movement The East Africa Protectorate was first colonized by British settlers in and with the creation of the treaty of Versailles in it.

World War II to independence. Kenyatta and other Africans were charged with directing the Mau Mau movement and sentenced in to seven years’ imprisonment; Kenyatta was released from prison in but was then confined to his home. The campaign for independence in Kenya dates back to the s before Kenyatta became the leader of the Kenya African Union (KAU) in and birth of the Mau Mau rebel movement.

In in response to the Mau Mau rebellion, the government declared a state of emergency which lasted for eight years. Dec 12,  · Inthe colonial government declared a state of emergency and arrested many Kenyan independence leaders, including moderates who had little or no connection to the Mau Mau, like Jomo Kenyatta, president of the Kenya African Union.

- Kenyan African Union (KAU) formed to campaign for African independence. First African appointment to legislative council. - Jomo Kenyatta becomes KAU leader.

Mboya as General Secretary of the Kenya Federation of Labour and a leader in the Kenya African National Union before and after independence skilfully managed the tribal factor in Kenyan economic and political life to succeed as a Luo in a predominantly Kikuyu movement.

Kenyan independence movement
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Kenya Independence Movement - Wikipedia